Current incidence of the disease overview and mandatory vaccination by country 26.8.2022

30. 8. 2022

Germany

West Nile fever: the first human infection this year was reported in mid-August. It was detected in Saxony-Anhalt as part of a blood donation screening, the affected person showed no symptoms of the disease. In 2018, the first locally acquired infections in birds and horses were registered in Germany and in late summer 2019, 5 people became ill for the first time in eastern Germany. Last year, 4 human infections were recorded. The virus primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Use mosquito repellent.

last update: 26.8.2022

 

El Salvador

Dengue: The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the corresponding periods of the previous two years. Since the beginning of the year, around 12 430 suspected cases have already been recorded. In 2021, a total of about 5,755 suspected cases were registered nationwide. 5,450 infections were reported in 2020 and 24,470 in 2019. Use mosquito repellent.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

France

Dengue: Since the end of July, 3 local infections have been registered. The departments affected are Pyrénées-Orientales, Hautes-Pyrénées and Var. The mosquito vector was first detected in 2004 in the south of the country. In 2010, the first local infections were recorded in France. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors.

last update: 26.8.2022

 

Greece

West Nile fever: approximately 60 infections and 2 deaths have been reported on the mainland since mid-July. The Thessaloniki area is particularly affected. In Greece, the infection occurs sporadically. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Use mosquito repellent.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

India

Encephalitis: By the end of June, 62 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 2 people died. The highest number of infections was again registered in Assam state. According to press reports, the monsoon has caused flooding there and since the end of July some 380 people have fallen ill and 77 have died. In 2021, 787 cases and 70 deaths were reported nationally. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Italy

West Nile fever: in mid-July, the first infection of the year was reported in the province of Padua (Veneto region). The number of cases in the north of the country has now risen to around 230 and 13 people have died. In Italy, the infection occurs sporadically. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Note the mosquito repellent.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Cambodia

Dengue: More than 3,300 people have fallen ill since the beginning of the year. Nine deaths were registered. The number of cases has tripled compared to the same period last year. In 2021, about 1,500 cases were reported. 4 people died. In 2019, the number of cases was above average, with around 66,500 suspected cases recorded. According to press reports, there were 30 dead. The disease occurs regularly in the country and is more common in the rainy season between May and October. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors.

last update: 26.7.2022

 

Cuba

Dengue: According to press reports, more than 3,000 infections have been confirmed since the beginning of the year. 3 people died. Last year, 1160 suspected cases were recorded. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors.

last update: 16.8.2022

 

Malaysia

Dengue: Around 35,000 infections and 22 deaths have already been recorded since the beginning of the year. The number of cases is significantly higher than in the same period of the previous year. Approximately 2 thirds of all cases continue to originate from Selangor State. Last year, about 25,835 people fell ill. 20 deaths have been reported. In 2020, around 89,290 infections were registered and 142 people died. Mosquito-borne disease is common in Malaysia, especially on the peninsula, as well as throughout Southeast Asia. Since there are no scheduled rainy seasons, there is a constant risk of transmission, which increases regionally after heavier rainy seasons. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Mozambique

Poliomyelitis: In mid-May, a wild poliovirus (WPV1) infection was confirmed in Tête province. The case is believed to be linked to one in neighbouring Malawi, which was imported from Pakistan in February. Since the end of July, 4 more diseases have been confirmed. Also in May, 3 cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were reported in Nampula province and one case in Manica province. In February, 2 cases from the previous year were detected in the provinces of Nampula and Cabo Delgado. At the end of July, 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) infections were also reported. The country is formally one of the countries with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. All persons (locals and tourists) staying in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to produce a polio vaccination on departure. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

last update: 26.8.2022

 

Nepal

Dengue: The infection was first confirmed in Nepal in 2004, with only minor outbreaks observed in the south of the country in subsequent years. With about 1,000 cases, the number of cases reported is more than double that of the entire previous year. Apart from the Kathmandu Valley, districts in the high mountains are again affected. Protection against mosquitoes, which are mainly active during the day.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Austria

West Nile fever: at the beginning of August the first 2 cases of this year were reported from the Vienna area. The infection is sporadic in Austria. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Note the mosquito repellent.

last update: 16.8.2022

 

Peru

Dengue: Since the beginning of the year, around 57 500 suspected cases have been reported and around 41 500 infections have been confirmed. 72 people died. Authorities issued a nationwide public health alert in April. In 2021, 38 258 confirmed infections and 39 deaths were reported. In 2020, around 56,400 suspected cases were registered and 88 people died. This is the highest number of cases since 2017. Watch out for protection from day vector mosquitoes.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Philippines

Leptospirosis: Approximately 1,200 infections and 160 deaths have been reported on Luzon since the beginning of the year. The number of cases is expected to increase during the rainy season. Leptospires enter the environment through the urine of infected mammals (rats, dogs). Transmission to humans occurs by direct or indirect contact with urine through small skin or mucous membrane injuries. In moist environments (water, mud), leptospires can survive in the environment for long periods of time. Corresponding contacts should be avoided.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Reunion

Diphtheria: At the end of July, authorities confirmed a local outbreak with 4 infections. Standard vaccination protection should always be checked before travel and renewed if necessary.

last update: 12.8.2022

 

Sao Tome and Principe

Dengue: Authorities reported the outbreak in mid-May, with approximately 890 infections and 2 deaths registered from mid-April to mid-July. The worst affected is the Água Grande district in the north of São Tomé. Take care to protect yourself especially against daytime mosquitoes.

last update: 19.8.2022

 

Singapore

Dengue: The virus is common in the city-state. Because there are no scheduled rainy seasons, there is a risk of transmission throughout the year, which increases after heavier rainy periods. The number of cases rose sharply from February to the end of May and the number of new infections is now falling. Approximately 24 255 infections have already been registered this year. In 2021, approximately 5,260 cases were recorded. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors.

last update: 19.8.2022

 

Taiwan

Japanese encephalitis: 18 infections have been confirmed nationwide this year. The city of Tainan (SW) is particularly affected. The main broadcasting time is between the months of June and August. Pay attention to mosquito repellent and consider vaccination if necessary.

last update: 12.8.2022

 

Thailand

Dengue: With the start of the rainy season in July, the number of cases is expected to increase. Since the beginning of the year, around 16,280 people have fallen ill. 14 people died. There is a risk of infection throughout the year, with July and August being the main period of transmission. Watch out for protection against mostly diurnal mosquitoes!

last update: 26.8.2022

 

United States

Poliomyelitis: In late June, poliovirus infection with a vaccine-derived type 2 (cVDPV2) vaccine was confirmed in the United States for the first time since 2013. The 20-year-old was temporarily treated at a clinic in Rockland County, New York, for paralysis. Authorities say polioviruses were detected in wastewater samples in the county before the man became ill. Residents were asked to check their vaccination protection and top up if necessary. Always check and top up standard vaccinations before travelling abroad.

last update: 9.8.2022

 

United States

West Nile fever: the first case was reported in the state of Mississippi this year in late January. In early April, the infection was confirmed in Dallas County (State of Texas). By the end of July, 30 illnesses and 2 deaths had been recorded. The peak season is from July to October, but transmission is possible all year round. Last year, there were 2,695 confirmed infections and 191 deaths nationwide. The hardest hit states were Arizona, Colorado, California and Nebraska. Use mosquito repellent.

Last update: 5.8.2022

 

Vanuatu

Malaria: By mid-August, more than 610 cases of tertian malaria had been confirmed. Compared to the previous year, the number of cases has roughly doubled. Authorities warn of a further increase in cases. A very good mosquito repellent should always be followed, it is generally advisable to bring emergency medication and depending on the situation of the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

last update: 23.8.2022

 

Vietnam

Dengue: Approximately 136,100 cases and 41 deaths have been registered since the beginning of the year. The number of cases has roughly tripled compared to the previous year. Regions in the south and centre of the country, as well as Ho Chi Minh City, are particularly affected. In 2021, approximately 68,270 cases were reported, and 21 people died. In 2020, around 121,940 infections and 19 deaths had been registered by the end of November. Take care to protect yourself especially against daytime mosquitoes.

Last update: 5.8.2022

 

Source/Source: https://www.crm.de/aktuell/index.html

 

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