Current incidence of the disease at a glance, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 12.4.2024

Dengue

Argentina

As a result of unusually heavy and prolonged rainfall, around 163,420 illnesses and 119 deaths have been recorded nationwide since the beginning of this year. Last year, around 130,290 infections were confirmed and 75 people died. In 2022, 750 people will be ill. Pay attention to protection against diurnal mosquitoes. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

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Dengue

Barbados

Since the beginning of this year, 940 suspected cases have already been registered. The last major eruption was reported in 2020. Pay attention to protection against mosquitoes, which are predominantly active during the day. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

Oropouche fever

Bolivia

Since the beginning of April this year, 24 infections and 50 suspected cases have been registered in the department of La Paz (W). In addition, 4 people are sick in the department of Pando (N). The virus is transmitted by predominantly nocturnal mosquitoes. The disease leads to an acute febrile syndrome including joint and limb pain as well as vomiting. Under certain circumstances, meningitis can occur. There is no vaccination. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

measles

Great Britain

Since October last year, the number of cases in Central England (West Midland) has risen sharply, with Birmingham being particularly affected. By the beginning of April 2024, around 500 infections had been registered in the region and around 935 nationwide. Before staying abroad, the standard vaccination protection should always be checked and, if necessary, supplemented.

Ticks

Poland

During the warm season there is a risk of tick-borne diseases, and in certain parts of the country also of TBE, which can lead to brain inflammation. The number of cases in the country has risen sharply in recent years. Pay attention to protection against tick bites. If you are staying in an infected area, vaccination may be recommended after individual risk assessment.

Heat wave

Thailand

Large parts of the country, especially in the north and central regions, including the capital Bangkok, have been affected by a heat wave with temperatures over 40°C since the beginning of March. Caution is particularly advised for unsuitable travelers who are older, overweight or have previous illnesses (e.g. cardiovascular disease). Travelers should closely monitor media reports and heed local warnings.

intestinal infections

Egypt

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in infections with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) among travelers returning, especially from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Safety notice

Egypt

A warning is issued against traveling to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (with the exception of Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied, individual excursions and overland trips in the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

Brazil

This year, around 144,320 suspected cases and 46 deaths have been reported. In the state of Minas Gerais, authorities declared a health emergency at the end of January this year due to the epidemiological situation. Last year, around 256,930 suspected cases were registered nationwide and around 146,250 infections were confirmed. 106 people have died. Compared to the same period last year, the number of cases has increased significantly. A total of around 265,300 suspected cases were reported in 2022. 75 people died. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread nationwide. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue throughout the country. Since the beginning of this year, around 2,966,400 suspected cases and 758 confirmed deaths have been registered nationwide. Compared to the corresponding period last year, the number of cases has more than tripled. Authorities in 7 of the 27 states (Acre, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina and the Federal District) have declared a health emergency due to the epidemiological situation. Last year, around 3,028,600 suspected cases were registered nationwide and 1,094 people died. In 2022, around 2,363,500 illnesses and around 930 deaths were recorded. Pay attention to protection against mosquitoes that are predominantly diurnal. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

Oropouche fever

Brazil

Since the beginning of this year, approximately 2,070 infections have been confirmed in the state of Amazonas. At the end of February, an illness was reported in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Since the beginning of February, additional illnesses have been reported in the states of Rondonia, Acre, Roraima and Bahia. The virus is transmitted by predominantly nocturnal mosquitoes. The disease leads to an acute febrile syndrome including joint and limb pain as well as vomiting. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. Since October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A person has died. The majority were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Pay attention to hygiene and possibly consider vaccination.

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Since the beginning of this year, around 6,780 illnesses have been registered. Last year, around 25,470 suspected cases were registered. 23 people have died. In 2022, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases in 2022 has roughly tripled compared to the previous year. The municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa were particularly affected. In 2021, around 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

Safety notice

Entry requirements

Dominican Republic

The Dominican government has completely closed the border with Haiti since September 15, 2023 until further notice. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

intestinal infections

India

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide. Cholera is to be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and the orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both the cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

About 234,430 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide last year. The highest number of cases were recorded in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. In 2022, approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded. Pay attention to protection against diurnal vector mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

Encephalitis

India

In the first 2 months of this year, 22 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) were recorded. In 2023, around 1,100 cases were officially reported nationwide. 56 people have died. The state of Assam was particularly affected. In 2022, 1,109 illnesses and 130 deaths were reported. Most infections were again recorded in the state of Assam. Carry out exposure prophylaxis and possibly vaccination!

malaria

India

In January this year, 9,095 cases were recorded nationwide. A person has died. Most of the infections come from the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Last year, around 223,960 cases were registered and 72 people died. Very good mosquito protection is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication with you and, depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should also be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu and Kashmir and Manipur is currently strongly discouraged. Demonstrations and large gatherings of people should always be avoided and the instructions of the security forces should be followed. Furthermore, current media reports should be followed during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

rabies

India

In March this year, one illness and three deaths were reported in the state of Manipur (NO). Deaths were reported in several states last year. In September, the first death since 2017 was reported in the state of Goa. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. A total of around 310 people died in 2022. The main transmitter is the (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In the event of suspicious animal contact, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern tissue culture vaccines. A preventative vaccination is recommended for all travelers.

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide. Cholera outbreaks are reported sporadically in West Papua, and typhus is to be expected. Continue to observe hygiene and vaccination protection against typhus.

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Last year, a total of 6 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections were confirmed on the islands of Sumatra and Java. A child on the island of Sumatra was already ill in November 2022. It is the first detection of polio in the country since 2019. The emergence of VDPV makes the country a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have stayed in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of a polio vaccination when leaving the country. The vaccination must take place between 4 weeks and one year before departure and be documented in an internationally valid vaccination certificate.

Safety notice

Indonesia

Non-essential travel to the provinces of the Indonesian part of the island of New Guinea (Papua, Papua Barat, Papua Pegunungan, Papua Tengah and Papua Selatan) is currently discouraged. Larger gatherings of people should always be avoided and the instructions of the security forces should be followed. Furthermore, current media reports should be followed during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, the highly pathogenic bird flu caused by Influenza A(H5N1) has spread nationwide with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have so far fallen victim to the animal disease. Since mid-2003, there have been 200 human cases of the disease in Indonesia, 168 of which were fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be observed.

Ticks

Austria

During the warm season there is a risk of tick-borne diseases, and in large parts of the country also of TBE, which can lead to brain inflammation. Pay attention to protection against tick bites. If you are staying in an infected area, vaccination may be recommended after individual risk assessment.

cholera

South Africa

Since the beginning of December last year, 117 suspected cases have been reported and 6 infections have been confirmed. The province of Limpopo is affected. Last year, around 1,390 suspected cases were registered, 199 infections were confirmed, and 47 people died. In addition to the province of Gauteng, the provinces of Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo were affected. Pay attention to hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Safety notice

South Africa

Parliamentary elections will take place in South Africa on May 29, 2024 at the national and provincial levels, around which there may be rallies and demonstrations. The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power outages. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. The power outages may also impact water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connections and mobile communications. Gas stations can also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Administration recommends that travelers avoid using the so-called Numbi Gate when entering the Kruger National Park and use alternative entry gates. To get to Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), it is recommended not to use the R335 via Motherwell and alternatively use the N2 via Colchester. Demonstrations and large gatherings of people should always be avoided and the instructions of the security forces should be followed. Furthermore, current media reports should be followed during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

rabies

South Africa

Last year, 11 cases were confirmed, one in Limpopo province, five each in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces. In 2022, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. A sharp increase in rabid dogs has been observed nationwide since 2022. The most common source of infection is dog bites. In the event of such contact, consult a doctor immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is long-term, preventative vaccination is recommended.

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide. Localized outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Pay careful attention to hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Entry vaccination requirement

Tanzania

The risk of infection with yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by the WHO as low, and vaccination is not generally recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulations (ITH 2020), a yellow fever vaccination is required when entering from endemic areas for people older than 1 year. Experience has shown that the regulations change frequently and the information provided by the various authorities differs. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and handled differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. An official statement from the Zanzibari Ministry of Health is published on the Federal Foreign Office website.

malaria

Tanzania

After the disease was considered almost eliminated on the island group of Zanzibar and Pemba for many years, the number of cases has been increasing again in recent years. The number of cases in Zanzibar has risen sharply since October last year. Very good mosquito protection must always be observed, and chemoprophylaxis is also recommended.

poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first infection with vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) was reported in July last year. Another infection was reported at the beginning of September and the end of December. Due to the occurrence of cVDPV2, the country is formally one of the countries with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have stayed in the country for longer than 4 weeks must present a vaccination against polio when leaving the country. The vaccination must take place between 4 weeks and one year before departure and be documented in an internationally valid vaccination certificate. Observe vaccination protection.

intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide, smaller outbreaks of cholera can also be expected locally. Pay attention to hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of this year, 22,550 illnesses and 20 deaths have been registered. Approximately 159,220 infections and 179 deaths were reported last year. The provinces of Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son as well as the capital Bangkok were particularly affected. Pay attention to protection against diurnal mosquitoes. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

Heat wave

Thailand

Large parts of the country, especially in the north and central regions, including the capital Bangkok, have been affected by a heat wave with temperatures over 40°C since the beginning of March. Caution is particularly advised for unsuitable travelers who are older, overweight or have previous illnesses (e.g. cardiovascular disease). Travelers should closely monitor media reports and heed local warnings.

Zika virus

Thailand

At the end of November last year, a Dutch tourist and a couple from Germany fell ill after spending time in southern Thailand. Since the beginning of this year, 19 people have fallen ill in the northeast. Last year, more than 750 illnesses were reported in the country. The infection was first detected in Thailand in 2012. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, since 2016 there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks in which infections are spread from person to person. Those affected are primarily homeless and addicted people. Around 44,960 infections and 424 deaths have now been reported from 37 states. Most infections were recorded in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and possibly consider vaccination.

Sun protection

USA

Since the beginning of 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens has been banned in the state of Hawaii, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

intestinal infections

Vietnam

Risk of diarrheal diseases nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Pay attention to food and drinking water hygiene.

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of this year, around 12,940 illnesses have been registered nationwide. In contrast to the general downward trend, the number of cases in the capital Hanoi has increased significantly. Approximately 166,620 infections and 42 deaths were reported last year. In 2022, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were registered. The number of cases was around 5 times higher than in 2021. Pay attention to protection against mosquitoes that are predominantly diurnal. Vaccination has been available since February 2023.

rabies

Vietnam

27 deaths have already been reported in the first 3 months of this year. Last year, a total of 82 people died from rabies infection. If you have suspicious contact with animals, you should consult a doctor immediately. A preventive vaccination is strongly recommended, especially if the risk is foreseeable and for longer stays. Advice from a doctor experienced in travel medicine should be given in good time before the trip.

Bird flu

Vietnam

In March this year, an infection with influenza A(H9N2) was reported for the first time in Vietnam. In March of this year, a 21-year-old student fell ill with influenza A(H5N1) and subsequently died. He had previously caught wild birds. After a break of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl became ill with an H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. It had eaten meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 128 people nationwide fell ill with influenza A(H5N1), and there were 65 deaths. Corresponding animal contacts could be proven for all those affected. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country, with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May last year there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with around 1,700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Since 2014, outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. There have been no human illnesses so far.

zdroj/source: https://crm.de/aktuelles/

Current incidence of the disease at a glance, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 28.3.2024

Dengue

Argentina

Since the beginning of this year, around 102,900 cases and 69 deaths have been recorded. Last year, around 130,290 infections were confirmed and 75 people died. In 2022, 750 people will fall ill. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Oropouche fever

Brazil

Since the beginning of this year, approximately 2,070 infections have been confirmed in the state of Amazonas. In late February, an illness was reported in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Since early February, additional cases have been reported in the states of Rondonia, Acre and Roraima. The virus is transmitted mainly by nocturnal mosquitoes. The disease leads to an acute febrile syndrome involving joint and limb pain as well as vomiting. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Ticks

Estonia

Tick-borne diseases are a risk in the warm season. The first infection this year was reported at the end of March. The number of cases has been steadily increasing in recent years. For years, the Baltic States have reported the highest number of TBE cases in Europe. Transmission is also possible with unpasteurised milk. Observe protection against ticks, vaccinate if at risk.

Malaria

India

This January, 9,095 cases were recorded nationwide. A man died. Most of the infections originate from the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Last year, around 223,960 cases were registered and 72 people died. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

damn

Chambers

Health authorities confirmed the outbreak in early February. Since then, around 320 local infections and 12 deaths have been recorded. A boat carrying 25 people from Tanzania had arrived in the capital Moroni earlier. Several people on board had symptoms and there was also one death. The authorities have taken measures to prevent the spread. Pay careful attention to food and drinking water hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Malaria

Madagascar

The contagion from last year continues this year. More than 525 000 cases and 42 deaths have been reported since the beginning of this year. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the situation of the outbreak and the route of travel, chemoprophylaxis is also recommended.

diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

Egypt

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections among returning travellers, particularly from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Safety notice

Safety notice

Egypt

A warning is issued against travel to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (except Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied individual tours and overland trips to the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Vector-related infections

Chikungunya

Brazil

Around 111,440 suspected cases and 36 deaths have been reported this year. In the state of Minas Gerais, the authorities declared a state of health at the end of January this year due to the epidemiological situation. Last year, around 256 930 suspected cases were registered nationwide and around 146 250 infections were confirmed. 106 people died. The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the same period last year. In 2022, a total of about 265,300 suspected cases were reported. 75 people died. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread across the country. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Vector-related infections

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue fever throughout the country. Since the beginning of this year, around 2 464 265 suspected cases and 561 confirmed deaths have been registered nationwide. The number of cases has more than tripled compared to the same period last year. Authorities in 7 of the 27 states (Acre, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina and the Federal District) have declared a health emergency due to the epidemiological situation. Last year, around 3 028 600 suspected cases were registered nationwide and 1 094 people died. In 2022, approximately 2,363,500 illnesses and approximately 930 deaths were recorded. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Vector-related infections

Oropouche fever

Brazil

Since the beginning of this year, approximately 2,070 infections have been confirmed in the state of Amazonas. In late February, an illness was reported in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Since early February, additional cases have been reported in the states of Rondonia, Acre and Roraima. The virus is transmitted mainly by nocturnal mosquitoes. The disease leads to an acute febrile syndrome involving joint and limb pain as well as vomiting. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. As of October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A man died. Most were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Vector-related infections

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Last year, around 25 470 suspected cases were registered. 23 people died. In 2022, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases roughly tripled in 2022 compared to the previous year. Particularly affected were the municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa. In 2021, approximately 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Safety notice

Input requirements

Dominican Republic

Dominican government since 15. September 2023 until further notice, completely closing the border with Haiti. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

India

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera can be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

Last year, about 234 430 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide. The highest number of cases were reported in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. Approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded in 2022. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

encephalitis

India

In the first 2 months of this year, 22 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) were recorded. In 2023, about 1,100 cases were officially reported nationwide. 56 people died. The state of Assam has been particularly affected. In 2022, 1109 cases and 130 deaths were reported. The highest number of infections was again recorded in Assam state. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

Malaria

India

This January, 9,095 cases were recorded nationwide. A man died. Most of the infections originate from the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. Last year, around 223,960 cases were registered and 72 people died. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu, Kashmir and Manipur is strongly discouraged at present. Always avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Infections, various

Rabies

India

In March this year, one illness and three deaths were reported in the state of Manipur (NO). Last year, deaths were reported in several states. In September, the first death was reported in the state of Goa since 2017. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. In 2022, a total of about 310 people died. The main transmitter is a (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In case of suspicious contact with an animal, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern vaccines for tissue culture. Preventive vaccinations are recommended for all passengers.

diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera epidemics are reported sporadically in West Papua and typhoid fever can be expected. Continue to maintain hygiene and protection by vaccination against typhoid fever.

Infections, oral

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Last year, a total of 6 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections were confirmed on the islands of Sumatra and Java. A child on the island of Sumatra was already sick in November 2022. This is the first polio detection in the country since 2019. The emergence of VDPVs makes a country at potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have been in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card.

Safety notice

Indonesia

Indonesia held elections in February 2024. The final result is not expected until March. After the last elections in 2019, demonstrations resulted in riots that resulted in injuries and deaths. Always avoid demonstrations, rallies and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A(H5N1) has spread throughout the country with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have fallen victim to animal disease so far. Since mid-2003, 200 human cases of the disease have been reported in Indonesia, of which 168 have been fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all of those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be maintained.

Ticks

Austria

In the warm season, there is a risk of tick-borne disease and, in much of the country, TBE, which can lead to encephalitis. Take care to protect against tick attachment. If you are in an infected area, vaccination may be recommended after an individual risk assessment.

damn

South Africa

Since the beginning of December last year, 117 suspected cases have been reported and 6 infections have been confirmed. Limpopo province is affected. Last year, around 1390 suspected cases were registered, 199 infections were confirmed and 47 people died. In addition to Gauteng province, the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces were also affected. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

South Africa

The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power cuts. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. Power outages can also affect water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connectivity and mobile communications. Petrol stations may also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Authority advises travellers to avoid using the so-called “no-go” signs when entering Kruger National Park. Numbi gates and used alternative entry gates. To get to Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), we recommend not using the R335 via Motherwell and alternatively use the N2 via Colchester (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Rabies

South Africa

Last year, 11 cases were confirmed, one in Limpopo province and five each in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces. In 2022, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. A sharp increase in rabid dogs has been observed nationwide since 2022. The most common source of infection is dog bites. If such contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is prolonged, preventive vaccination is recommended.

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Localised outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Take care with hygiene and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Requirement for initial vaccination

Tanzania

The risk of contracting yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by WHO as low and vaccination is generally not recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulation (ITH 2020), yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for persons over 1 year of age when entering from endemic areas. Experience shows that regulations change frequently and the information provided by different authorities varies. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and dealt with differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. The official statement of the Zanzibar Ministry of Health is published on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.

Malaria

Tanzania

After being considered almost eliminated on the island group of Zanzibar and Pemba for many years, the number of cases has been on the rise again in recent years. The number of cases in Zanzibar has risen sharply since October last year. Very good protection against mosquitoes should always be maintained, and chemoprophylaxis is recommended.

Poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infection was reported in July last year. Further infections were reported in early September and late December. Due to the presence of cVDPV2, the country is formally classified as a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who stay in the country for more than 4 weeks must present a polio vaccination when they leave the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

Intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrhoeal diseases nationwide, smaller cholera outbreaks can be expected locally. Take care of hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of this year, 11 180 cases and 5 deaths have been recorded. Last year, approximately 159,220 infections and 179 deaths were reported. Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son provinces were particularly affected, as was the capital Bangkok. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Zika virus

Thailand

At the end of November last year, a Dutch tourist and a couple from Germany fell ill after spending time in southern Thailand. Since the start of this year, 19 people have fallen ill in the North East. Last year, more than 750 cases were reported in the country. The infection was first detected in Thailand in 2012. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks since 2016, with infections spreading from person to person. Those affected are mainly homeless and addicted people. Approximately 44,960 infections and 424 deaths have now been reported from 37 states. Most infections were reported in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Sun protection

USA

Starting in early 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate, is banned in the state of Hawaii. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

Intestinal infections

Vietnam

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Take care of food and drinking water hygiene.

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of this year, around 11 235 cases have been registered nationwide. Contrary to the general downward trend, the number of cases in the capital Hanoi has increased significantly. Last year, approximately 166,620 infections and 42 deaths were reported. In 2022, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were registered. The number of cases was roughly 5 times higher than in 2021. Watch out for protection from mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Rabies

Vietnam

In the first two months of this year, 22 deaths have already been reported. There were 10 in the same period last year. Last year, a total of 82 people died of rabies infection. If you suspect contact with animals, you should consult a doctor immediately. Preventive vaccination is strongly recommended, especially if the risk is foreseeable and for longer stays. A referral from a doctor experienced in travel medicine should be provided well in advance of travel.

Bird flu

Vietnam

In March, a 21-year-old student fell ill and subsequently died. He used to catch wild birds. After a gap of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl fell ill with H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. She ate meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 128 people fell ill with influenza A (H5N1) across the country and 65 died. In all affected individuals, adequate animal contacts could be demonstrated. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May last year, there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with about 1,700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms since 2014. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. No human illnesses have occurred so far.

Current disease incidence overview, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 5.2.2024

Western equine encephalitis (WEE)

Argentina

Around 100 suspected cases have been registered since the end of November last year. 39 infections and 5 deaths were confirmed. This is the first human case since 1996. The infection occurs in horses in many areas of South America and also in Mexico and parts of the USA. This viral infection, carried by mosquitoes active day and night, can lead to severe brain inflammation in humans. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

French Guiana

A sharp increase in the number of cases has been observed since the beginning of this year. Around 2210 infections have already been confirmed. The island of Cayenne and the Savanes area on the mainland are particularly affected. Around 2,800 cases were reported in the previous year. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Singapore

The virus is widespread in the urban state. As there are no scheduled rainy seasons, the risk of transmission throughout the year must be taken into account, which increases after periods of heavy rainfall. Around 1,600 infections have been reported since the beginning of this year. The number of cases is higher than in comparable periods of the last 4 years. Last year, 9950 cases were recorded. In 2022, approximately 32,175 infections and 13 deaths were registered. This is the second highest number of cases ever recorded in Singapore. In 2021, approximately 5,260 cases were recorded. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Yellow fever

South Sudan, Republic of

Authorities confirmed the outbreak in late December last year. In the state of Western Equatoria, an 18-year-old youth has fallen ill. 29 more suspected cases have been added. For all passengers aged one year and older, a valid yellow fever vaccination is required and recommended upon entry.

Malaria

Tanzania

After being considered almost eliminated on the island group of Zanzibar and Pemba for many years, the number of cases has been on the rise again in recent years. The number of cases in Zanzibar has risen sharply since October last year. Very good protection against mosquitoes should always be maintained, and chemoprophylaxis is recommended.

zika virus

Thailand

At the end of November last year, a Dutch tourist and a couple from Germany fell ill after spending time in southern Thailand. Since the start of this year, 19 people have fallen ill in the North East. Last year, more than 750 cases were reported in the country. The infection was first detected in Thailand in 2012. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Egypt

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections among returning travellers, particularly from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Safety notice

Egypt

A warning is issued against travel to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (except Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied individual tours and overland trips to the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

Brazil

This year, 12 840 suspected cases and 3 confirmed deaths have been reported. In the state of Minas Gerais, the authorities declared a state of health at the end of January this year due to the epidemiological situation. Last year, around 256 930 suspected cases were registered nationwide and around 146 250 infections were confirmed. 106 people died. The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the same period last year. In 2022, a total of about 265,300 suspected cases were reported. 75 people died. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread across the country. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue fever throughout the country. Since the beginning of this year, around 217 840 suspected cases and 15 confirmed deaths have been recorded. The number of cases has more than tripled compared to the same period last year. Last year, around 3 028 600 suspected cases were registered nationwide and 1 094 people died. In 2022, approximately 2,363,500 illnesses and approximately 930 deaths were recorded. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. As of October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A man died. Most were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Around 20 080 suspected cases have been registered since the beginning of last year. 26 people died. In 2022, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases roughly tripled in 2022 compared to the previous year. Particularly affected were the municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa. In 2021, approximately 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Input requirements

Dominican Republic

Dominican government since 15. September 2023 until further notice, completely closing the border with Haiti. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

India

Approximately 3,711 cases have been reported nationwide since the beginning of last year. The worst affected states are again Maharashtra and Karnataka. In 2022, around 8,070 cases were confirmed nationwide. The worst affected states were Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species).

intestinal infections

India

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera can be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

Last year, about 234 430 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide. The highest number of cases were reported in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. Approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded in 2022. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

encephalitis

India

By the end of September last year, approximately 830 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 48 people died. The state of Assam is particularly affected. In 2022, 1109 cases and 130 deaths were reported. The highest number of infections was again recorded in Assam state. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

Malaria

India

By the end of September last year, 144,527 cases had been registered nationwide and 28 people had died. The worst affected states are again Chhattisgarh and Urisa. Around 174,000 cases and 68 deaths have been reported in 2022. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu, Kashmir and Manipur is strongly discouraged at present. Always avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Smog

India

Air pollution is currently extremely high in New Delhi and the National Capital Territory (NCT) surrounding the national capital. At this time of year, the burning of crop residues in the surrounding fields regularly increases pollution, especially from fine dust. Young children, the elderly and people with chronic respiratory diseases are particularly at risk. It is recommended to stay indoors during peak exertion, avoid physical exertion and wear breathing masks if necessary. Travelers should closely monitor local media coverage.

Rabies

India

Last year, deaths were reported in several states. In September, the first death was reported in the state of Goa since 2017. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. In 2022, a total of about 310 people died. The main transmitter is a (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In case of suspicious contact with an animal, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern vaccines for tissue culture. Preventive vaccinations are recommended for all passengers.

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera epidemics are reported sporadically in West Papua and typhoid fever can be expected. Continue to maintain hygiene and protection by vaccination against typhoid fever.

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Last year, a total of 6 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections were confirmed on the islands of Sumatra and Java. A child on the island of Sumatra was already sick in November 2022. This is the first polio detection in the country since 2019. The emergence of VDPVs makes a country at potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have been in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card.

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A(H5N1) has spread throughout the country with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have fallen victim to animal disease so far. Since mid-2003, 200 human cases of the disease have been reported in Indonesia, of which 168 have been fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all of those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be maintained.

damn

South Africa

Last year, around 1390 suspected cases were registered, 199 infections were confirmed and 47 people died. In addition to Gauteng province, the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces are also affected. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

rubella

South Africa

The number of cases has increased since mid-August. Some 310 infections have been confirmed, with the Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape provinces particularly affected. Isolated cases have occurred in Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

Safety notice

South Africa

The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power cuts. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. Power outages can also affect water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connectivity and mobile communications. Petrol stations may also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Authority advises travellers to avoid using the so-called “no-go” signs when entering Kruger National Park. Numbi gates and used alternative entry gates. To get to Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), we recommend not using the R335 via Motherwell and alternatively use the N2 via Colchester (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Rabies

South Africa

Last year, 11 cases were confirmed, one in Limpopo province and five each in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces. In 2022, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. A sharp increase in rabid dogs has been observed nationwide since 2022. The most common source of infection is dog bites. If such contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is prolonged, preventive vaccination is recommended.

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Localised outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Take care with hygiene and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Requirement for initial vaccination

Tanzania

The risk of contracting yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by WHO as low and vaccination is generally not recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulation (ITH 2020), yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for persons over 1 year of age when entering from endemic areas. Experience shows that regulations change frequently and the information provided by different authorities varies. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and dealt with differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. The official statement of the Zanzibar Ministry of Health is published on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.

Malaria

Tanzania

After being considered almost eliminated on the island group of Zanzibar and Pemba for many years, the number of cases has been on the rise again in recent years. The number of cases in Zanzibar has risen sharply since October last year. Very good protection against mosquitoes should always be maintained, and chemoprophylaxis is recommended.

poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infection was reported in July last year. Further infections were reported in early September and late December. Due to the presence of cVDPV2, the country is formally classified as a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who stay in the country for more than 4 weeks must present a polio vaccination when they leave the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrhoeal diseases nationwide, smaller cholera outbreaks can be expected locally. Take care of hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of last year, around 156,100 infections and 167 deaths have been reported. Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son provinces are particularly affected, as well as the capital Bangkok. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

zika virus

Thailand

At the end of November last year, a Dutch tourist and a couple from Germany fell ill after spending time in southern Thailand. Since the start of this year, 19 people have fallen ill in the North East. Last year, more than 750 cases were reported in the country. The infection was first detected in Thailand in 2012. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks since 2016, with infections spreading from person to person. Those affected are mainly homeless and addicted people. Approximately 44,950 infections and 424 deaths have now been reported from 37 countries. Most infections were reported in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Food poisoning

USA

Since mid-October, 470 Salmonella infections have been reported in 44 states. Six people died. The most affected states are Minnesota, Wisconsin and Texas. In all cases, the source of infection was cantaloupe melons from Mexico. There have already been numerous withdrawals and the relevant information needs to be followed. The CDC recommends avoiding eating fruit of unknown origin.

sun protection

USA

Starting in early 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate, is banned in the state of Hawaii. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

intestinal infections

Vietnam

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Take care of food and drinking water hygiene.

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of last year, approximately 166 620 infections and 42 deaths have been reported. In 2022, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were registered. The number of cases was roughly 5 times higher than in 2021. Watch out for protection from mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Bird flu

Vietnam

After a gap of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl fell ill with H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. She ate meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 127 people fell ill with influenza A (H5N1) across the country and 64 died. In all affected individuals, adequate animal contacts could be demonstrated. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May last year, there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with about 1,700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms since 2014. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. No human illnesses have occurred so far.

Source: https://crm.de/aktuelles/

Current incidence of the disease at a glance, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 14.1.2024

Western equine encephalitis (WEE)

Argentina

Around 90 suspected cases have been registered since the end of November last year. There were 21 confirmed infections and one death. This is the first human case since 1996. The infection occurs in horses in many areas of South America and also in Mexico and parts of the USA. This viral infection, carried by mosquitoes active day and night, can lead to severe brain inflammation in humans. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Bangladesh

The epidemic, which began in 2023, is not over yet. Approximately 610 cases and 4 deaths have been reported since the beginning of this year. Last year, around 321,180 people were treated in clinics and 1,705 people died. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Yellow fever

Cameroon

Since the beginning of this year, 8 diseases have been confirmed. Last year, there were 41 confirmed infections and 6 deaths, and another 10 suspected cases. For all passengers aged one year and older, a valid yellow fever vaccination is required and recommended upon entry.

Dengue

Cape Verde

Since November last year, there has been an outbreak with more than 400 suspected cases. Santiago and Fogo islands are particularly affected. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Little

Last year, about 6180 suspected cases were reported nationwide and about 810 infections were confirmed. 34 people died. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Singapore

The virus is widespread in the urban state. As there are no scheduled rainy seasons, the risk of transmission throughout the year must be taken into account, which increases after periods of heavy rainfall. Since the beginning of this year, 738 infections have already been reported. The number of cases is higher than in comparable periods of the last 4 years. Last year, 9950 cases were recorded. In 2022, approximately 32,175 infections and 13 deaths were registered. This is the second highest number of cases ever recorded in Singapore. In 2021, approximately 5,260 cases were recorded. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Egypt

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections among returning travellers, particularly from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Egypt

A warning is issued against travel to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (except Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied individual tours and overland trips to the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

Brazil

Since the beginning of last year, around 256 670 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and around 146 250 infections have been confirmed. 105 people died. The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the same period last year. In 2022, a total of about 265,300 suspected cases were reported. 75 people died. In 2021, approximately 133,600 suspected cases were reported. 12 people died. In 2020, approximately 92,720 infections and 25 deaths were reported. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread across the country. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue fever throughout the country. Since the beginning of last year, around 2 972 000 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and 1 074 people have died. In 2022, approximately 2,363,500 illnesses and approximately 930 deaths were recorded. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. As of October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A man died. Most were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Around 20 080 suspected cases have been registered since the beginning of last year. 26 people died. In 2022, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases roughly tripled in 2022 compared to the previous year. Particularly affected were the municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa. In 2021, approximately 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Input requirements

Dominican Republic

Dominican government since 15. September 2023 until further notice, completely closing the border with Haiti. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

India

Approximately 3,711 cases have been reported nationwide since the beginning of last year. The worst affected states are again Maharashtra and Karnataka. In 2022, around 8,070 cases were confirmed nationwide. The worst affected states were Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species).

intestinal infections

India

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera can be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

Last year, about 234 430 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide. The highest number of cases were reported in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. Approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded in 2022. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

encephalitis

India

By the end of September last year, approximately 830 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 48 people died. The state of Assam is particularly affected. In 2022, 1109 cases and 130 deaths were reported. The highest number of infections was again recorded in Assam state. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

Malaria

India

By the end of September last year, 144,527 cases had been registered nationwide and 28 people had died. The worst affected states are again Chhattisgarh and Urisa. Around 174,000 cases and 68 deaths have been reported in 2022. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu, Kashmir and Manipur is strongly discouraged at present. Always avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Smog

India

Air pollution is currently extremely high in New Delhi and the National Capital Territory (NCT) surrounding the national capital. At this time of year, the burning of crop residues in the surrounding fields regularly increases pollution, especially from fine dust. Young children, the elderly and people with chronic respiratory diseases are particularly at risk. It is recommended to stay indoors during peak exertion, avoid physical exertion and wear breathing masks if necessary. Travelers should closely monitor local media coverage.

Rabies

India

Last year, deaths were reported in several states. In September, the first death was reported in the state of Goa since 2017. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. In 2022, a total of about 310 people died. The main transmitter is a (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In case of suspicious contact with an animal, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern vaccines for tissue culture. Preventive vaccinations are recommended for all passengers.

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera epidemics are sporadically reported in West Papua and typhoid fever can be expected. Continue to maintain hygiene and protection by vaccination against typhoid fever.

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Since the end of January last year, 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections have been confirmed in Aceh province on the island of Sumatra. The child was already sick there in November 2022. This is the first polio detection in the country since 2019. One infection was confirmed in the Java area in March and December last year and one infection was confirmed in the East Java area in November. The emergence of the VDPV makes the country a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have been in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card.

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A(H5N1) has spread throughout the country with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have fallen victim to animal disease so far. Since mid-2003, 200 human cases of the disease have been reported in Indonesia, of which 168 have been fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all of those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be maintained.

damn

South Africa

Last year, around 1390 suspected cases were registered, 199 infections were confirmed and 47 people died. In addition to Gauteng province, the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces are also affected. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

rubella

South Africa

The number of cases has increased since mid-August. Some 310 infections have been confirmed, with the Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape provinces particularly affected. Isolated cases have occurred in Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

Safety notice

South Africa

The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power cuts. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. Power outages can also affect water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connectivity and mobile communications. Petrol stations may also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Authority advises travellers to avoid using the so-called “no-go” signs when entering Kruger National Park. Numbi gates and used alternative entry gates. To get to Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), we recommend not using the R335 via Motherwell and alternatively use the N2 via Colchester (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Rabies

South Africa

Last year, 11 cases were confirmed, one in Limpopo province and five each in KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces. In 2022, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. A sharp increase in rabid dogs has been observed nationwide since 2022. The most common source of infection is dog bites. If such contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is prolonged, preventive vaccination is recommended.

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Localised outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Take care with hygiene and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Requirement for initial vaccination

Tanzania

The risk of contracting yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by WHO as low and vaccination is generally not recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulation (ITH 2020), yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for persons over 1 year of age when entering from endemic areas. Experience shows that regulations change frequently and the information provided by different authorities varies. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and dealt with differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. The official statement of the Zanzibar Ministry of Health is published on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.

poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infection was reported in July last year. Further infections were reported in early September and late December. Due to the presence of cVDPV2, the country is formally classified as a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who stay in the country for more than 4 weeks must present a polio vaccination when they leave the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrhoeal diseases nationwide, smaller cholera outbreaks can be expected locally. Take care of hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of last year, around 156,100 infections and 167 deaths have been reported. Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son provinces are particularly affected, as well as the capital Bangkok. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

zika virus

Thailand

At the end of November last year, a Dutch tourist and a couple from Germany fell ill after spending time in southern Thailand. Last year, more than 750 cases were reported in the country. The infection was first detected in Thailand in 2012. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

USA

Since October, two local infections have been confirmed in Los Angeles County, the first cases in the state of California. In the state of Florida, 142 local infections were confirmed last year. Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Hardee and Polk counties are affected. The first case was reported in early February. In 2022, 68 diseases were recorded. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks since 2016, with infections spreading from person to person. Those affected are mainly homeless and addicted people. Approximately 44 940 infections and 424 deaths have now been reported from 37 countries. Most infections were reported in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Food poisoning

USA

As of mid-October, 302 Salmonella infections have been reported in 42 states. 4 people died. The most affected states are Minnesota, Wisconsin and Texas. In all cases, the source of infection was cantaloupe melons from Mexico. There have already been numerous withdrawals and the relevant information needs to be followed. The CDC recommends avoiding eating fruit of unknown origin.

sun protection

USA

Starting in early 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate, is banned in the state of Hawaii. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

intestinal infections

Vietnam

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Take care of food and drinking water hygiene.

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of last year, approximately 166 620 infections and 42 deaths have been reported. In 2022, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were registered. The number of cases was roughly 5 times higher than in 2021. Watch out for protection from mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Bird flu

Vietnam

After a gap of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl fell ill with H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. She ate meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 127 people fell ill with influenza A (H5N1) across the country and 64 died. In all affected individuals, adequate animal contacts could be demonstrated. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May last year, there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with about 1,700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms since 2014. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. No human illnesses have occurred so far.

Source: https://crm.de/aktuelles/

Current incidence of the disease at a glance, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 19.12.2023

Dengue

Ethiopia

This year, around 18 790 suspected cases were reported nationwide and 130 infections were confirmed. 16 people died. The Afar (N) region is particularly affected. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Jamaica

Authorities declared an outbreak in late September. Approximately 2 565 suspected cases and 577 confirmed infections have been reported this year. Two people died. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Malaysia

Since the beginning of this year, around 113,460 cases have been registered and 73 people have died. The number of cases has more than doubled compared to the same period last year. Approximately half of all cases continue to originate from Selangor State. Last year, approximately 66,100 infections and 39 deaths were recorded. As is the case throughout Southeast Asia, mosquito-borne disease is also prevalent in Malaysia, particularly on the peninsula. As there are no scheduled rainy seasons, there is a constant risk of transmission, which increases regionally after periods of heavy rainfall. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Little

This year, around 4,400 suspected cases have been reported nationwide and around 600 infections have been confirmed. 21 people died. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Shellfish poisoning

New Zealand

The health authority warns against eating shellfish. There are warnings of a gastroenteric form of shellfish poisoning in the South Island. A paralytic form of mussel poisoning is currently occurring in the North Island. Toxins produced by algae or dinoflagellates accumulate in the flesh of mussels and can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. The poisons are not destroyed by heating. Travelers should heed local warnings.

Dengue

Taiwan

In the worst outbreak in eight years, some 25,610 local infections and 56 deaths have been confirmed so far this year. The cities of Tainan, Kaohsiung and Taichung as well as Yunlin County are particularly affected. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Egypt

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections among returning travellers, particularly from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Safety notice

Egypt

A warning is issued against travel to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (except Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied individual tours and overland trips to the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Chikungunya

Brazil

Since the beginning of this year, around 243 180 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and around 146 250 infections have been confirmed. 94 people died. The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the same period last year. In 2022, a total of about 265,300 suspected cases were reported. 75 people died. In 2021, approximately 133,600 suspected cases were reported. 12 people died. In 2020, approximately 92,720 infections and 25 deaths were reported. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread across the country. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue fever throughout the country. Since the beginning of this year, around 2,909,500 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and 1,011 people have died. In the states of Espírito Santo (O) and Paraná (S), the number of cases increased compared to the same period last year. In 2022, about 2,363,500 illnesses and about 930 deaths were recorded. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. As of October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A man died. Most were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Around 18 420 suspected cases have been registered since the beginning of this year. 19 people died. Last year, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases roughly tripled in 2022 compared to the previous year. Particularly affected were the municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa. In 2021, approximately 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Input requirements

Dominican Republic

Dominican government since 15. September 2023 until further notice, completely closing the border with Haiti. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

West Nile fever

Greece

Since mid-July, 162 infections and 22 deaths have been reported. The regions affected are Central Macedonia and Thessaly, as well as the island of Thasos. In Greece, the infection occurs sporadically. The virus is transmitted from one host to another by mosquitoes. It primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Chikungunya

India

Approximately 3,711 cases have been reported nationwide since the beginning of this year. The worst affected states are again Maharashtra and Karnataka. Last year, approximately 8,070 cases were confirmed nationwide. The worst affected states were Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species).

intestinal infections

India

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera can be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

About 234,430 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide that year. The highest number of cases were reported in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. Approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded in 2022. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

encephalitis

India

By the end of September this year, approximately 830 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 48 people died. The state of Assam is particularly affected. In 2022, 1109 cases and 130 deaths were reported. The highest number of infections was again recorded in Assam state. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

Malaria

India

By the end of September this year, 144,527 cases had been registered nationwide and 28 people had died. The worst affected states are again Chhattisgarh and Urisa. Last year, approximately 174 000 cases and 68 deaths were reported. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu, Kashmir and Manipur is strongly discouraged at present. Always avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Smog

India

Air pollution is currently extremely high in New Delhi and the National Capital Territory (NCT) surrounding the national capital. Authorities closed elementary schools for several days. At this time of year, the burning of crop residues in the surrounding fields regularly increases pollution, especially from fine dust. Young children, the elderly and people with chronic respiratory diseases are particularly at risk. It is recommended to stay indoors during peak exertion, avoid physical exertion and wear breathing masks if necessary. Travelers should closely monitor local media coverage.

Rabies

India

Deaths have been reported in several states this year. Four children and one adult have died after being bitten by a dog in Uttar Pradesh (N) since late July. In June, a 49-year-old woman who cared for stray dogs died in the state of Kerala (SW). In July, three young children were bitten by rabid dogs in the same condition and one died. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. In total, around 310 people died last year. The most affected states are Karnataka, Maharashtra and West Bengal. The main transmitter is a (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In case of suspicious contact with an animal, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern vaccines for tissue culture. Preventive vaccinations are recommended for all passengers

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera epidemics are reported sporadically in West Papua and typhoid fever can be expected. Continue to maintain hygiene and protection by vaccination against typhoid fever.

Leptospirosis

Indonesia

Authorities in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta on the island of Java have already recorded 64 cases this year. The number of cases has more than doubled compared to the previous year. The pathogen is shed by mammals (rats and dogs) and can enter humans through small skin lesions. In moist environments (water, mud), leptospires can survive in the environment for long periods of time. Adequate contact with wet habitats and inland waters should be avoided.

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Since the end of January this year, 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections have been confirmed in Aceh province on the island of Sumatra. The child was already sick there last November. This is the first polio detection in the country since 2019. In March this year, the disease was confirmed in Java province. The emergence of the VDPV makes the country a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have been in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card.

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A(H5N1) has spread throughout the country with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have fallen victim to animal disease so far. Since mid-2003, 200 human cases of the disease have been reported in Indonesia, of which 168 have been fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all of those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be maintained.

Monkeypox (Mpox)

Spain

After several cases were confirmed in the UK in May 2022, other countries reported infections. Approximately 7 580 confirmed infections have been reported in Spain. 3 deaths have been confirmed. The virus is found in central and west Africa, and cases outside Africa have so far been traced to travellers or imported animals. Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or with objects contaminated with the virus.

Dengue

Spain

Since the end of August this year, 3 local infections have been confirmed in the Catalonia region. These are the first cases on the Spanish mainland since 2019. Pay attention to protection from the mostly diurnal mosquito vectors.

West Nile fever

Spain

A total of 17 cases have been reported in 7 provinces this year. Two people died. The provinces of Huelva (SW), Valencia (O), Barcelona (O) and Cáceres are also affected for the first time. The infection is sporadic in Spain. The virus is transmitted from one host to another by mosquitoes. It primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

damn

South Africa

This year, around 1390 suspected cases have been registered, 199 infections have been confirmed and 47 people have died. In addition to Gauteng province, the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces are also affected. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

rubella

South Africa

The number of cases has increased since mid-August. Some 310 infections have been confirmed, with the Western Cape, Northern Cape and Eastern Cape provinces particularly affected. Isolated cases have occurred in Gauteng and Mpumalanga provinces. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

Safety notice

South Africa

The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power cuts. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. Power outages can also affect water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connectivity and mobile communications. Petrol stations may also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Authority advises travellers to avoid using the so-called “no-go” signs when entering Kruger National Park. Numbi gates and used alternative entry gates. It is recommended that you avoid using the R335 via Motherwell to access Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha) and use alternative entry gates.

Rabies

South Africa

This year 10 cases have already been confirmed, one in Limpopo province, 5 in KwaZulu-Natal and 4 in the Eastern Cape province. Last year, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. Since last year, there has been a sharp increase in rabid dogs across the country. The most common source of infection is dog bites. If such contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is prolonged, preventive vaccination is recommended.

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diarrhoeal diseases

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Localised outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Take care with hygiene and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Requirement for initial vaccination

Tanzania

The risk of contracting yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by WHO as low and vaccination is generally not recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulation (ITH 2020), yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for persons over 1 year of age when entering from endemic areas. Experience shows that regulations change frequently and the information provided by different authorities varies. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and dealt with differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. The official statement of the Zanzibar Ministry of Health is published on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.

poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infection was reported in July this year. The second infection was reported in early September. Due to the presence of cVDPV2, the country is formally classified as a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who stay in the country for more than 4 weeks must present a polio vaccination when they leave the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

Chikungunya

Thailand

Around 820 infections have been confirmed so far this year. Compared to 2021, the number of cases doubled last year, with a total of around 1,400 infections reported from 48 provinces. In 2021, around 670 cases were registered nationwide. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrhoeal diseases nationwide, smaller cholera outbreaks can be expected locally. Take care of hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of this year, around 136,655 infections and 147 deaths have been reported. Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son provinces are particularly affected, as well as the capital Bangkok. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Monkeypox (Mpox)

USA

After several cases were confirmed in the UK in May 2022, other countries reported infections. In the United States, approximately 31,280 infections have been recorded in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. as well as those registered in Puerto Rico. 55 people died. In early August 2022, the government declared a national health emergency. The virus is found in central and west Africa, and cases outside Africa have so far been traced to travellers or imported animals. Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or with objects contaminated with the virus.

Dengue

USA

Since October, two local infections have been confirmed in Los Angeles County, the first cases in the state of California. There have been 142 confirmed local infections in the state of Florida this year. Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Hardee and Polk counties are affected. The first case was reported in early February. Last year, 68 cases were recorded. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

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Infections, oral

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks since 2016, with infections spreading from person to person. Those affected are mainly homeless and addicted people. Approximately 44 940 infections and 424 deaths have now been reported from 37 countries. Most infections were reported in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Food poisoning

USA

Since mid-October, 230 Salmonella infections have been reported in 38 states. 3 people died. The most affected states are Minnesota, Wisconsin and Arizona. In all cases, the source of infection was cantaloupe melons from Mexico. There have already been numerous withdrawals and the relevant information needs to be followed. The CDC recommends avoiding eating fruit of unknown origin.

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Vector-related infections

Malaria

USA

Earlier this October, Arkansas state health officials confirmed a local infection in Saline County. In mid-August, the first local case of tropical malaria in the state of Maryland in more than 40 years was reported in the Washington metropolitan area. In mid-June this year, health authorities in the state of Texas confirmed a local infection (malaria tertiana) in Cameron County. For the first time in 20 years, 7 locally acquired cases of tertian malaria have been confirmed in the state of Florida since May. Authorities are warning of mosquito-borne diseases in Florida. Malaria is very rare in the USA, the last time 8 local cases of tertian malaria were reported in Palm Beach County (Florida) in 2003. Pay extra attention to mosquito repellent.

poliomyelitis

USA

At the end of June 2022, poliovirus infection derived from the type 2 vaccine (cVDPV2) was confirmed in the US for the first time since 2013. The 20-year-old was temporarily treated at a paralysis clinic in Rockland County (New York State). Authorities say polioviruses were detected in wastewater samples in the county before the man became ill. By the end of March this year, viruses had been detected in more than 100 wastewater samples, and New York State authorities declared a disaster in early September. Residents were asked to check their vaccination protection and top up if necessary. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

sun protection

USA

Starting in early 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate, is banned in the state of Hawaii. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

West Nile fever

USA

This year, by the end of October, 2,290 infections and at least 20 deaths had been reported nationwide, with the states of Colorado, Arizona, California and Nebraska particularly affected. The peak season is from July to October, but transmission is possible all year round. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Vietnam

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Take care of food and drinking water hygiene.

West Nile fever

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of this year, approximately 135 880 infections and 35 deaths have been reported. The number of cases in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City has increased unusually since July. Last year, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were recorded. The number of cases was about 5 times higher than in 2021. Regions in the south and centre of the country, as well as Ho Chi Minh City, were particularly affected. In 2021, around 68,270 cases were reported and 21 people died. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Bird flu

Vietnam

After a gap of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl fell ill with H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. She ate meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 127 people fell ill with influenza A (H5N1) across the country and 64 died. In all affected individuals, adequate animal contacts could be demonstrated. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May this year, there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with about 1700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms since 2014. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. No human illnesses have occurred so far.

Current incidence of the disease at a glance, recommendations and mandatory vaccination by country 29.11.2023

Dengue

China

The number of cases has risen sharply since June this year. Around 12,400 people have been registered infected this year. The number of cases is similar to 2019. Be sure to protect yourself from mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Pertussis

Denmark

There has been a significant increase in infections since May this year. By mid-November, around 3,170 cases had been reported nationwide. In September, authorities confirmed a nationwide epidemic. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

West Nile fever

France

A total of 41 infections have been reported since the end of July. This year, for the first time, the disease was registered in the departments of Gironde, Charente-Maritime and Charente (Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, SW) on the Atlantic coast. The disease is sporadic in France, until this year only on the Mediterranean coast. The virus is transmitted from one host to another by mosquitoes. It primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Yellow fever

Cameroon

This year, 36 infections and 6 deaths have been confirmed and 10 suspected cases have been added. For all passengers aged one year and older, a valid yellow fever vaccination is required and recommended upon entry.

Dengue

Mexico

Since the beginning of this year, around 235,620 illnesses and 132 deaths have been reported. This is more than four times more than in the same period last year. The Yucatán Peninsula is again particularly affected. Around 59 500 suspected cases were recorded last year. 53 people died. Nationally, the number of confirmed infections and deaths has roughly doubled compared to the previous year. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Dengue

Taiwan

In the worst outbreak in eight years, around 25,050 local infections and 55 deaths have been confirmed so far this year. The cities of Tainan, Kaohsiung and Taichung as well as Yunlin County are particularly affected. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquito vectors. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Egypt

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Robert Koch Institute has reported an increase in enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infections among returning travellers, particularly from Hurghada. Hepatitis A is also very common. Eating raw salads and undercooked foods should be avoided. Tap water should not be drunk. Observe food hygiene and vaccination protection.

Safety notice

Egypt

A warning is issued against travel to the north of the Sinai Peninsula, the Egyptian-Israeli border area (except Taba) and remote areas of the Sahara. Unaccompanied individual tours and overland trips to the south of the Sinai Peninsula are not recommended (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Monkeypox (Mpox)

Brazil

After several cases were confirmed in the UK in May 2022, other countries reported infections. Approximately 10 970 infections have been confirmed in Brazil. 16 people died. The virus is found in central and west Africa, and cases outside Africa have so far been traced to travellers or imported animals. Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or with objects contaminated with the virus.

Vector-related infections

Chikungunya

Brazil

Since the beginning of this year, around 243 180 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and around 146 250 infections have been confirmed. 94 people died. The number of cases has increased significantly compared to the same period last year. In 2022, a total of about 265,300 suspected cases were reported. 75 people died. In 2021, approximately 133,600 suspected cases were reported. 12 people died. In 2020, approximately 92,720 infections and 25 deaths were reported. Health authorities reported the first local infections in mid-2014. Since then, the infection has spread across the country. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Dengue

Brazil

There is a high risk of dengue fever throughout the country. Since the beginning of this year, around 2,909,500 suspected cases have been registered nationwide and 1,011 people have died. In the states of Espírito Santo (O) and Paraná (S), the number of cases increased compared to the same period last year. In 2022, approximately 2,363,500 illnesses and approximately 930 deaths were recorded. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

intestinal infections

Dominican Republic

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. The Dominican Republic is one of the holiday destinations with the highest number of cases of traveler’s diarrhea. As of October 2022, approximately 110 cholera infections have been reported. A man died. Most were registered in the capital, Santo Domingo. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

Dengue

Dominican Republic

Around 14 090 suspected cases have been registered since the beginning of this year. 13 people died. Last year, around 10,440 suspected cases were reported. 42 people died. The number of cases roughly tripled in 2022 compared to the previous year. Particularly affected were the municipalities of Santiago, Santo Domingo de Guzmán, Santo Domingo Norte, Santo Domingo Este and San José de Ocoa. In 2021, approximately 3,750 infections and 26 deaths were registered. Pay attention to mosquito protection. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Input requirements

Dominican Republic

Dominican government since 15. September 2023 until further notice, completely closing the border with Haiti. Travel by land, air or sea between the two countries is currently not possible (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Safety notice

Greece

Since last week, there has been widespread flooding in the regions of Magnisia and Thessaly (especially in the areas around Volos, Trikala, Karditsa, Portaria, Larissa and the Pelion mountains, as well as on the island of Skiathos). There are extensive road closures. If you are affected by flooding, contact emergency numbers 112 and/or 199 immediately and do not leave the building. Evacuations by Greek emergency services are continuing – please communicate your location via the emergency numbers. Do not drink tap water in areas affected by flooding. It is important to avoid travelling to the above flood prone areas. Follow the warnings issued by the Greek Ministry of Civil Protection. Before you set off, find out about the risk situation at your destination; also contact your tour operator. If you are currently affected by evacuation measures, please contact your tour operator with questions about accommodation, meals, transport and, if necessary, the location of your luggage. Find out about the risk situation in the regions concerned and the recommendations for behaviour from the responsible authorities, the media and the National Weather Service. Always obey prohibitions, signs and warnings, as well as instructions from local authorities and security forces (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

West Nile fever

Greece

Since mid-July, 162 infections and 22 deaths have been reported. The regions affected are Central Macedonia and Thessaly, as well as the island of Thasos. In Greece, the infection occurs sporadically. The virus is transmitted from one host to another by mosquitoes. It primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

Chikungunya

India

Approximately 3,711 cases have been reported nationwide since the beginning of this year. The worst affected states are again Maharashtra and Karnataka. Last year, approximately 8,070 cases were confirmed nationwide. The worst affected states were Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species).

intestinal infections

India

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera can be expected regionally. Typhoid, paratyphoid and orally transmitted forms of hepatitis are endemic throughout India. Anthrax occurs again and again in local people in both cutaneous and intestinal forms. Observe hygiene and vaccination protection.

Dengue

India

According to media reports, an increase in the number of cases was reported even after the monsoon ended. The highest number of cases were reported in the states of Delhi, West Bengal, Chattisgharh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka and Gujarat. In the capital New Delhi, around 5,220 people have fallen ill this year and one has died. For the whole of last year, there were 10,183 illnesses and 9 deaths. Due to heavy rains, the number of cases has increased in the state of Karnataka, where more than 9,180 cases have been recorded so far. Around 94,200 illnesses and 91 deaths were reported nationwide that year. Approximately 233,250 infections and 303 deaths were recorded in 2022. Take care to protect yourself against the daily vectors of mosquitoes (Aedes species). Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

encephalitis

India

By the end of September this year, approximately 830 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 48 people died. The state of Assam is particularly affected. In 2022, 1109 cases and 130 deaths were reported. The highest number of infections was again recorded in Assam state. Perform exposure prophylaxis and vaccination if necessary!

Malaria

India

By the end of September this year, 144,527 cases had been registered nationwide and 28 people had died. The worst affected states are again Chhattisgarh and Urisa. Last year, approximately 174 000 cases and 68 deaths were reported. Very good protection against mosquitoes is always important, it is usually advisable to take emergency medication and depending on the outbreak, chemoprophylaxis should be discussed.

Safety notice

India

Travel to Jammu, Kashmir and Manipur is strongly discouraged at present. Always avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people and follow the instructions of the security forces and keep up to date with media reports during your stay (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Smog

India

Air pollution is currently extremely high in New Delhi and the National Capital Territory (NCT) surrounding the national capital. Authorities closed elementary schools for several days. At this time of year, the burning of crop residues in the surrounding fields regularly increases pollution, especially from fine dust. Young children, the elderly and people with chronic respiratory diseases are particularly at risk. It is recommended to stay indoors during peak exertion, avoid physical exertion and wear breathing masks if necessary. Travelers should closely monitor local media coverage.

Rabies

India

Deaths have been reported in several states this year. Since late July, 3 children have died after being bitten by a dog in Uttar Pradesh (N). In June, a 49-year-old woman who cared for stray dogs died in the state of Kerala (SW). In July, three young children were bitten by rabid dogs in the same condition and one died. India is one of the countries in the world with the highest number of animal and human cases. In total, around 310 people died last year. The most affected states are Karnataka, Maharashtra and West Bengal. The main transmitter is a (stray) dog. Large cities are also affected. In case of suspicious contact with an animal, seek medical attention immediately and pay attention to the use of modern vaccines for tissue culture. Preventive vaccinations are recommended for all passengers.

intestinal infections

Indonesia

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Cholera epidemics are reported sporadically in West Papua and typhoid fever can be expected. Continue to maintain hygiene and protection by vaccination against typhoid fever.

Leptospirosis

Indonesia

Authorities in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta on the island of Java have already recorded 64 cases this year. The number of cases has more than doubled compared to the previous year. The pathogen is shed by mammals (rats and dogs) and can enter humans through small skin lesions. In moist environments (water, mud), leptospires can survive in the environment for long periods of time. Adequate contact with wet habitats and inland waters should be avoided.

poliomyelitis

Indonesia

Since the end of January this year, 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infections have been confirmed in Aceh province on the island of Sumatra. The child was already sick there last November. This is the first polio detection in the country since 2019. In March this year, the disease was confirmed in Java province. The emergence of the VDPV makes the country a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who have been in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to show proof of polio vaccination when leaving the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card.

Bird flu

Indonesia

Since November 2003, highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A(H5N1) has spread throughout the country with local and regional outbreaks in poultry. More than 10 million animals have fallen victim to animal disease so far. Since mid-2003, 200 human cases of the disease have been reported in Indonesia, of which 168 have been fatal. The last human infections were confirmed on the island of Bali in September 2017. Almost all of those affected had direct contact with sick or dead animals. Contact with live poultry or sick people should be avoided and hygiene should be maintained.

Monkeypox (Mpox)

Spain

After several cases were confirmed in the UK in May 2022, other countries reported infections. Approximately 7 580 confirmed infections have been reported in Spain. 3 deaths have been confirmed. The virus is found in central and west Africa, and cases outside Africa have so far been traced to travellers or imported animals. Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or with objects contaminated with the virus.

Dengue

Spain

Since the end of August this year, 3 local infections have been confirmed in the Catalonia region. These are the first cases on the Spanish mainland since 2019. Pay attention to protection from the mostly diurnal mosquito vectors.

West Nile fever

Spain

A total of 17 cases have been reported in 7 provinces this year. Two people died. The provinces of Huelva (SW), Valencia (O), Barcelona (O) and Cáceres are also affected for the first time. The infection is sporadic in Spain. The virus is transmitted from one host to another by mosquitoes. It primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses and other mammals. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

damn

South Africa

This year, around 1070 suspected cases have been registered, 199 infections have been confirmed and 47 people have died. In addition to Gauteng province, the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces are also affected. Take care of hygiene and consider vaccination if necessary.

measles

South Africa

In the past year, the number of cases has increased across the country. Approximately 1215 laboratory-confirmed infections have been reported since the beginning of October, with Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Gauteng and Free State provinces particularly affected. The number of new infections is now declining. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

Safety notice

South Africa

From 3. On August 2023, the shared taxi associations responsible for much of the local public transport in the Western Cape province, and particularly in the wider Cape Town area, are on strike. There have been sporadic clashes between security authorities and strikers, as well as attacks on bus companies. Some of them have ceased operations. There are isolated road closures in some parts of the city; airport access may also be affected. The electricity crisis continues with frequent and prolonged power cuts. These lead to temporary power outages, including in private accommodation, shops, banks and ATMs, public lighting, traffic lights and security systems. Power outages can also affect water supply and quality and continue to lead to restrictions on internet connectivity and mobile communications. Petrol stations may also be temporarily affected. For safety reasons, the South African National Park Authority advises travellers to avoid using the so-called “no-go” signs when entering Kruger National Park. Numbi gates and used alternative entry gates. To get to Addo Elephant Park from Port Elizabeth (Gqeberha), we recommend not using the R335 via Motherwell and alternatively use the N2 via Colchester (www.auswaertiges-amt.de).

Rabies

South Africa

This year 9 cases have already been confirmed, one in Limpopo province, 5 in KwaZulu-Natal and 3 in the Eastern Cape. Last year, 13 confirmed infections and 6 suspected cases were reported nationwide. The Eastern Cape, Limpopo and KwaZulu-Natal provinces were also particularly affected. Since last year, there has been a sharp increase in rabid dogs across the country. The most common source of infection is dog bites. If such contact occurs, seek medical attention immediately; if the risk is foreseeable and the stay is prolonged, preventive vaccination is recommended.

intestinal infections

Tanzania

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide. Localised outbreaks of cholera occur regularly. Take care with hygiene and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Requirement for initial vaccination

Tanzania

The risk of contracting yellow fever in Tanzania is classified by WHO as low and vaccination is generally not recommended. According to the official entry vaccination regulation (ITH 2020), yellow fever vaccination is mandatory for persons over 1 year of age when entering from endemic areas. Experience shows that regulations change frequently and the information provided by different authorities varies. The regulations are sometimes interpreted and dealt with differently at some airports (Kilimanjaro Airport in Arusha) or by individual border officials. Contrary to official information, a yellow fever vaccination is often required when entering Zanzibar. The official statement of the Zanzibar Ministry of Health is published on the website of the Federal Foreign Office.

poliomyelitis

Tanzania

The first vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) infection was reported in July this year. The second infection was reported in early September. Due to the presence of cVDPV2, the country is formally classified as a country with a potential risk of international spread of the pathogen. As a result, all people (locals and tourists) who stay in the country for more than 4 weeks must present a polio vaccination when they leave the country. Vaccinations must be given 4 weeks to one year prior to departure and must be documented on an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe protection by vaccination.

Chikungunya

Thailand

Around 820 infections have been confirmed so far this year. Compared to 2021, the number of cases doubled last year, with a total of around 1,400 infections reported from 48 provinces. In 2021, around 670 cases were registered nationwide. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Thailand

Risk of diarrhoeal diseases nationwide, smaller cholera outbreaks can be expected locally. Take care of hygiene.

Dengue

Thailand

Since the beginning of this year, around 127 840 infections and 141 deaths have been reported. Trat, Nan, Chanthaburi, Rayong and Mae Hong Son provinces are particularly affected, as well as the capital Bangkok. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Monkeypox (Mpox)

USA

After several cases were confirmed in the UK in May 2022, other countries reported infections. In the United States, approximately 31,010 infections have been recorded in all 50 states and Washington, D.C. as well as those registered in Puerto Rico. 55 people died. In early August 2022, the government declared a national health emergency. The virus is found in central and west Africa, and cases outside Africa have so far been traced to travellers or imported animals. Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with the body fluids of an infected person or with objects contaminated with the virus.

Dengue

USA

Since October, two local infections have been confirmed in Los Angeles County, the first cases in the state of California. There have been 142 confirmed local infections in the state of Florida this year. Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Hardee and Polk counties are affected. The first case was reported in early February. Last year, 68 cases were recorded. Take care to protect yourself against daytime mosquitoes. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Hepatitis A

USA

According to the CDC, there has been an increase in nationwide outbreaks since 2016, with infections spreading from person to person. Those affected are mainly homeless and addicted people. Approximately 44 920 infections and 423 deaths have now been reported from 37 countries. Most infections were reported in the states of Kentucky, Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Indiana. Pay careful attention to hygiene measures and consider vaccinations if necessary.

Malaria

USA

Earlier this October, Arkansas state health officials confirmed a local infection in Saline County. In mid-August, the first local case of tropical malaria in the state of Maryland in more than 40 years was reported in the Washington metropolitan area. In mid-June this year, health authorities in the state of Texas confirmed a local infection (malaria tertiana) in Cameron County. For the first time in 20 years, 7 locally acquired cases of tertian malaria have been confirmed in the state of Florida since May. Authorities are warning of mosquito-borne diseases in Florida. Malaria is very rare in the USA, the last time 8 local cases of tertian malaria were reported in Palm Beach County (Florida) in 2003. Pay extra attention to mosquito repellent.

poliomyelitis

USA

At the end of June 2022, poliovirus infection derived from the type 2 vaccine (cVDPV2) was confirmed in the US for the first time since 2013. The 20-year-old was temporarily treated at a paralysis clinic in Rockland County (New York State). Authorities say polioviruses were detected in wastewater samples in the county before the man became ill. By the end of March this year, viruses had been detected in more than 100 wastewater samples, and New York State authorities declared a disaster in early September. Residents were asked to check their vaccination protection and top up if necessary. Always check and top up standard vaccination protection before travelling abroad.

sun protection

USA

Starting in early 2021, the sale of so-called reef-toxic sunscreens, including products that contain oxybenzone (BP3) and octinoxate, is banned in the state of Hawaii. These substances are suspected of having a harmful effect on corals and other marine life.

West Nile fever

USA

This year, by the end of October, 2,240 infections and at least 20 deaths had been reported nationwide, with the states of Colorado, Arizona, California and Nebraska particularly affected. The peak season is from July to October, but transmission is possible all year round. Pay attention to mosquito protection.

intestinal infections

Vietnam

Diarrhoeal disease risk nationwide, cholera is also endemic. Take care of food and drinking water hygiene.

Dengue

Vietnam

Since the beginning of this year, approximately 135 880 infections and 35 deaths have been reported. The number of cases in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City has increased unusually since July. Last year, around 367,730 illnesses and 140 deaths were recorded. The number of cases was about 5 times higher than in 2021. Regions in the south and centre of the country, as well as Ho Chi Minh City, were particularly affected. In 2021, around 68,270 cases were reported and 21 people died. Take care to protect against mosquitoes, which are mostly diurnal. Vaccination is possible from February 2023.

Bird flu

Vietnam

After a gap of more than 8 years, a 5-year-old girl fell ill with H5 influenza virus infection in October 2022. She ate meat from sick chickens and ducks. Between 2003 and 2014, a total of 127 people fell ill with influenza A (H5N1) across the country and 64 died. In all affected individuals, adequate animal contacts could be demonstrated. Since 2014, numerous outbreaks in domestic poultry have been recorded across the country with more than 129,000 animals killed. At the end of May this year, there was an outbreak in Quang Ngai province with about 1700 sick ducks. Vaccination of poultry is widespread in the country. Outbreaks of influenza A(H5N6) have been repeatedly reported in poultry farms since 2014. Since the beginning of 2021, 3 outbreaks have already been reported in 2 provinces. No human illnesses have occurred so far.

Source: https://crm.de/aktuelles/

Dear clients, Adacel/Adacel Polio/Boostrix Polio vaccines will be stocked in May. Due to high demand, there was an outage at the manufacturer.