Current incidence of the disease clearly and mandatory vaccination by country August 26, 2022

30. 8. 2022

Germany

West Nile fever: The first human infection this year was reported in mid-August. It was detected in Saxony-Anhalt as part of a blood donation screening, the affected person showed no symptoms of the disease. In 2018, the first locally acquired infections in birds and horses were registered in Germany, and in late summer 2019, 5 people fell ill in eastern Germany for the first time. Last year, 4 human infections were recorded. The virus primarily infects birds, but can also spread to humans, horses, and other mammals. Use mosquito repellent

last updated: 26.8.2022

 

ElSalvador

Dengue: Compared to the corresponding periods of the two previous years, the number of cases has increased significantly. Around 12,430 suspected cases have already been recorded since the beginning of the year. In 2021, a total of around 5,755 suspected cases were registered nationwide. 5,450 infections were reported in 2020 and 24,470 in 2019. Note mosquito repellent.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

France

Dengue: 3 local infections have been registered since the end of July. The departments affected are Pyrénées-Orientales, Hautes-Pyrénées and Var. The vector mosquito was first detected in 2004 in the south of the country. In 2010, the first local infections were recorded in France. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 26.8.2022

 

Greece

West Nile Fever: Approximately 60 infections and 2 deaths have been reported on the mainland since mid-July. The Thessaloniki region is particularly affected. The infection occurs sporadically in Greece. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Use mosquito repellent.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

India

Encephalitis: By the end of June, 62 cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) had been officially reported nationwide. 2 people have died. Most infections were again registered in the state of Assam. According to press reports, the monsoon has caused flooding there and since the end of July around 380 people have become ill and 77 have died. In 2021, 787 cases and 70 deaths were reported nationwide. Carry out exposure prophylaxis and possibly vaccination!

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Italy

West Nile fever: In mid-July, the first infection this year was reported in the province of Padua (Veneto region). The number of cases in the north of the country has now risen to around 230, and 13 people have died. The infection occurs sporadically in Italy. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Use mosquito repellent.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Cambodia

Dengue: More than 3,300 people have fallen ill since the beginning of the year. 9 deaths were registered. Compared to the same period last year, the number of cases has tripled. About 1,500 cases were reported in 2021. 4 people have died. In 2019, the number of cases was above average, with around 66,500 suspected cases being registered. According to press reports, there were 30 deaths. The disease occurs regularly in the country and occurs more frequently in the rainy season between May and October. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 27.6.2022

 

Cuba

Dengue: According to press reports, more than 3,000 infections have already been confirmed since the beginning of the year. 3 people have died. Last year, 1,160 suspected cases were recorded. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 16.8.2022

 

Malaysia

Dengue: Around 35,000 infections and 22 deaths have already been recorded since the beginning of the year. The number of cases is significantly higher than in the corresponding period of the previous year. About 2-thirds of all cases continue to originate from the state of Selangor. About 25,835 people fell ill last year. 20 deaths were reported. In 2020, around 89,290 infections were registered and 142 people died. The mosquito-borne disease is common in Malaysia, particularly in the peninsula, as it is throughout SE Asia. Since there are no scheduled rainy seasons here, there is a constant risk of transmission, which increases regionally after heavier rainy periods. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Mozambique

Poliomyelitis: In mid-May, an infection with wild poliovirus (WPV1) was confirmed in the province of Tête. The case is believed to be related to a case in neighboring Malawi, which was imported from Pakistan in February. Since the end of July, 4 other diseases have been confirmed. In May, 3 cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were also reported in Nampula Province and one case in Manica Province. In February, 2 cases were detected in the provinces of Nampula and Cabo Delgado, these are from the previous year. In late July, 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) infections were also reported. The country is formally one of the countries with a potential risk of the international spread of the pathogen. All persons (locals and tourists) who have stayed in the country for more than 4 weeks should be able to produce a vaccination against polio upon departure. The vaccination must take place between 4 weeks and one year before departure and must be documented in an internationally valid vaccination card. Observe vaccination protection.

last updated: 26.8.2022

 

Nepal

Dengue: The infection was first confirmed in Nepal in 2004, in the following years only smaller outbreaks were observed in the south of the country. With around 1,000 cases, more than twice as many cases have been reported as in the entire previous year. In addition to the Kathmandu valley, districts in the high mountains are again affected. Protection against mosquitoes, which are mainly active during the day.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Austria

West Nile fever: At the beginning of August, the first 2 cases this year were reported from the Vienna area. The infection occurs sporadically in Austria. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes. Note mosquito repellent.

last updated: 16.8.2022

 

Peru

Dengue: Since the beginning of the year, around 57,500 suspected cases have been recorded and around 41,500 infections have been confirmed. 72 people have died. Authorities issued a nationwide public health alert in April. In 2021, 38,258 confirmed infections and 39 deaths were reported. In 2020, around 56,400 suspected cases were registered, and 88 people died. These are the highest number of cases since 2017. Pay attention to protection against diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Philippines

Leptospirosis: Approximately 1,200 infections and approximately 160 deaths have been reported on Luzon Island since the beginning of the year. An increase in the number of cases during the rainy season is expected. Leptospira enter the environment via the urine of infected mammals (rats, dogs). Transmission to humans occurs through direct or indirect contact with the urine via small skin injuries or mucous membranes. In a humid environment (water, mud), the leptospira can survive in the environment for a long time. Corresponding contacts are to be avoided.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

 

Reunion

Diphtheria: At the end of July, the authorities confirmed a local outbreak with 4 infections. Before a trip, the standard vaccination protection should always be checked and refreshed if necessary.

last updated: 12.8.2022

 

Sao Tome & Principe

Dengue: The authorities reported an outbreak in mid-May, from mid-April to mid-July around 890 infections and 2 deaths were registered. The district of Água Grande in the north of the island of São Tomé is hardest hit. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquitoes.

last updated: 18.8.2022

 

Singapore

Dengue: The virus is common in the city-state. Since there are no scheduled rainy seasons there, there is a risk of transmission all year round, which increases after heavier rainy periods. The number of cases rose sharply between February and the end of May, and the number of new infections is now declining. Approximately 24,255 infections have already been registered this year. Approximately 5,260 cases were recorded in 2021. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal vector mosquitoes.

last updated: 19.8.2022

 

Taiwan

Japanese encephalitis: 18 infections have been confirmed nationwide this year. Tainan City (SW) is particularly affected. The main transmission time is between the months of June and August. Pay attention to mosquito repellent and consider vaccination if necessary.

last updated: 12.8.2022

 

Thailand

Dengue: With the start of the rainy season in July, an increase in the number of cases is expected. Around 16,280 people have fallen ill since the beginning of the year. 14 people have died. There is a risk of infection all year round, with the main transmission period being July and August. Pay attention to protection against the predominantly diurnal mosquitoes!

last updated: 26.8.2022

 

United States

Poliomyelitis: In late June, an infection with vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) was confirmed in the United States for the first time since 2013. A 20-year-old was temporarily treated at a clinic in Rockland County, New York State, for paralysis. According to the authorities, polioviruses were detected in wastewater samples in the region even before the man became ill. The population was asked to check their vaccination protection and supplement it if necessary. Before going abroad, the standard vaccination should always be checked and, if necessary, supplemented.

last updated: 9.8.2022

 

United States

West Nile Fever: The first case this year was reported in the state of Mississippi at the end of January. In early April, an infection was confirmed in County Dallas (State of Texas). By the end of July, 30 illnesses and 2 deaths had been registered. The peak of the season is from July to October, but transmission is possible all year round. Last year, 2,695 infections and 191 deaths were confirmed nationwide. The states of Arizona, Colorado, California and Nebraska were hardest hit. Use mosquito repellent.

last updated: 5.8.2022

 

Vanuatu

Malaria: By mid-August, more than 610 cases of malaria tertiana had already been confirmed. Compared to the previous year, the number of cases has roughly doubled. The authorities warn of a further increase in the number of cases. Very good mosquito repellent should always be observed, taking emergency medication with you is generally advisable and, depending on the outbreak situation, chemoprophylaxis should also be discussed.

last updated: 23.8.2022

 

Vietnam

Dengue: Approximately 136,100 cases and 41 deaths have been registered since the beginning of the year. Compared to the previous year, the number of cases has roughly tripled. The regions in the south and center of the country, as well as Ho Chi Minh City, are particularly affected. Approximately 68,270 cases were reported in 2021, 21 people died. In 2020, around 121,940 infections and 19 deaths were registered by the end of November. Pay attention to protection against mainly diurnal mosquitoes.

last updated: 5.8.2022

Zdroj/Source: https://www.crm.de/aktuell/index.html